제목: Measuring Price-Level Uncertainty and Instability in the U.S., 1850-2012
저자: Timothy Cogley(New York University), Thomas J. Sargent(New York University)
We use a flexible statistical model with stochastic volatilities to measure price level uncertainty and instability in the U.S. over the period 1850-2012. Major outbreaks associated with the Civil War, the two World Wars and Great Depression, and the Great Inflation and Great Recession alternate with three great price-level moderations, one near the turn of 20th century, another under Bretton Woods, and a third in the 1990s. Because periods of high and low volatility occur both before and after the Second World War, there is no evidence that the price level was systematically more stable or less uncertain in either era. Moderations sometimes involved a link to gold, but the experience of the 1990s proves that a well-managed fiat regime can achieve the same end.