[Vol.30 No.2] Immigration, Value-Added Exports, and Global Value Chains in Korea

구분
World Economy
등록일
2024.06.30
조회수
1389
키워드
Trade Immigration Value Chain
등록자
Yonggeun Jung
담당부서
Research Planning & Coordination Team(02-759-5490)

Author: Yonggeun Jung(University of Florida)


<Abstract>

This paper investigates the impact of immigration on Korea’s value-added exports and participation in Global Value Chains (GVCs) using a country-level panel dataset. To address the endogeneity between immigration and trade, this study employs a fixed effects two-stage model and uses visa policy as an instrumental variable. The results reveal that immigration significantly enhances Korea’s domestic value-added exports and GVC involvement, highlighting the crucial role of immigrants in the nation's trade dynamics. The impact of immigration on value-added exports varies with the economic status of immigrants' home countries, with significant effects observed primarily in low-income countries. This effect is mainly driven by the increase in Korea's domestic value-added embedded in exports from these low-income countries, demonstrating a forward linkage. Additionally, the study finds that the coefficient for the industry sector is larger, providing insights into sector-specific dynamics.

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