Authors : Beum-Jo Park(Dankook University)
The method of Holt and Laury (2002) has been the most widely used to elicit individual risk preferences in the MPL methods that have a framing effect. In order to reduce the framing effect, this paper designs experiments which are implemented with the program of Visual Basic for Application in MS Excel software. Although recent experimental studies, providing financial incentives, do not support the hypothesis that individuals with higher cognitive ability are less risk averse in decision making, this paper presents a definite evidence on the hypothesis by using the new experimental design and finds interestingly that variables for attitude to life, a religious life and the experience of military service in an interval regression model have a statistically significant effect on individual risk preferences. Further, this paper finds that risk aversion estimated by survey without financial incentives tends to be severely biased toward risk loving.